Nursultan , formerly until Akmolinsk , —92 Tselinograd , —98 Aqmola , and — Astana , city, capital of Kazakhstan. Nursultan lies in the north-central part of the country, along the Ishim River , at the junction of the Trans-Kazakhstan and South Siberian railways.
It was founded in as a Russian military outpost and became an administrative centre in Its population had reached 33, when it was made an oblast province centre in There was much new construction and the establishment of various research and higher educational institutions teacher training, agriculture, medicine, and engineering and construction.
Kazakh Pres. Nazarbayev also employed British architect Sir Norman Foster to design the new Palace of Peace and Reconciliation, a foot- metre- high pyramid that includes, among other things, a library and an opera house. Various types of agricultural machinery are produced. Sunday 24 May Monday 25 May Tuesday 26 May Wednesday 27 May Thursday 28 May Friday 29 May Saturday 30 May Sunday 31 May Monday 1 June Tuesday 2 June Thursday 4 June Friday 5 June Saturday 6 June Sunday 7 June Monday 8 June Tuesday 9 June Monday 15 June Tuesday 16 June Wednesday 17 June Friday 19 June Saturday 20 June Sunday 21 June Monday 22 June Tuesday 23 June Wednesday 24 June Thursday 25 June Friday 26 June Saturday 27 June Sunday 28 June Monday 29 June Tuesday 30 June Wednesday 1 July Thursday 2 July Friday 3 July Saturday 4 July Sunday 5 July Monday 6 July Tuesday 7 July Wednesday 8 July Thursday 9 July Friday 10 July Saturday 11 July Sunday 12 July Monday 13 July Tuesday 14 July Wednesday 15 July Thursday 16 July Friday 17 July Saturday 18 July Sunday 19 July Monday 20 July Tuesday 21 July Fishermen take sturgeon, herring, and roach from the Caspian Sea.
In parts of northeastern and southwestern Kazakhstan, where commercial fishing collapsed as a result of industrial and agricultural pollution, efforts to revive fish populations have shown some success. Just over half the population is considered urban, while just under half the population remains rural.
The extremely wide dispersion of population in Kazakhstan is reflected in the large number of small settlements. Slavs — Russians , Ukrainians , and Belarusians —largely populate the northern plains, where they congregate in large villages that originally served as the centres of collective and state farms. These populated oases are separated by wheat fields or, in the more arid plains to the south, by semideserts and deserts where sheep breeders live in temporary quarters, usually yurts round tents with sturdy pole frames covered by heavy felt.
Kazakh nomads formerly obtained their schooling and manufactured goods from Russian towns such as Troitsk, Orenburg , and Omsk, or, in the south, from the ancient cities of Transoxania , the Fergana Valley , and eastern Turkistan.
After the Russian conquest established military governors and administrators in Alma-Ata now Almaty , Uralsk Oral , Yaik, and elsewhere, Kazakhstan began in the 19th century to develop its own cities.
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Richard Henderson exec. Josh Deutsch exec. Retrieved June 30,Sep 10, · Kazakhstan, largest country in Central Asia. It is bounded on the north by Russia, on the east by China, on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, the Aral Sea, and Turkmenistan, and on the southwest by the Caspian Sea. It was a constituent republic of the Soviet Union and became independent in .