But music has brought me only joy and consolation. As its title suggests, the sadness of autumnal nature echoed his feelings at the time. There was a feeling of imperturbable calm, adorable contemplation of the world. How tired I am of this prose, though it is not a rare case that it is extolled in art.
In , Polenov built a new church dedicated to the Holy Trinity next to the old one, which had by then grown dilapidated. The Uchan-su Waterfall. Our Church, which recognizes painting, music, poetry, is already the Temple of Art as much as it is the House of Prayer, and in this lies its great power and importance for the past, for the present, and for the future… These are the thoughts that led me to build a temple of prayer and art for our peasant neighbours.
The historical moment when both churches stood side by side was captured by the artist. When Polenov settled by the Oka river, he was able to fully commit himself to his favourite pastime — creating a fleet of boats. A favourite motif of Polenov was the view of Tarusa, either from the highland at the Oka behind Byokhovo or from the river level.
Both pictures feature the Oka, the smooth fluid rhythms of its banks ending with a panorama of the little town on the high opposite shore at the point where the Tarusa river joins the Oka. Polenov often visited Tarusa, creating many sketches in the town itself, distinguished as it is by an inimitable quaintness; he also painted Tarusa from the opposite bank as well as from the river itself.
He knew many. The Oka River. Received very enthusiastically, the performance was repeated several times at the request of residents. Petersburg Photograph. Vasily Polenov has gone down in the history of Russian art as one of the greatest artists of the second half of the 19th century. As an innately free individual, he was not tied to any one artistic camp: it was in large measure due to such an independent mode of life that he was able to win over the hearts and minds of young artists in the and s, and to lead their movement to achieve a new art.
Presently there is no consensus as to the exact time frame of this era: the period most often referenced runs from the s to , but for other historians of Russian culture the Silver Age lasted from through to The line is thus drawn between the era of positivism — the s and s — and the period of aesthetic discovery that began in , but whose way was prepared in the s, not least by the foundation of the Abramtsevo community, in which Polenov played such a major role.
Vera Wolf at the piano Photograph. Minchenkov, Ya. Leningrad, Hereinafter Minchenkov. Davydova, Olga. Moscow, Fyodorov-Davydov, A. Hereinafter - Fyodorov-Davydov. Lyaskovskaya, O. Exhibition catalogue. Moscow, , foreword by FyodorovDavydov, A. Quoted from: Sobko, N. Part 3, 1st edition.
Department of Manuscripts, Tretyakov Gallery. Item Sakharova, Ye. Moscow, Leningrad, Hereinafter - Sakharova. Pasternak, L. Sheet 8. Hereinafter - Pasternak. Hereinafter - Chronicle. Quoted from: Polenov, L. Polenov, Vasily. Fund Sheet Borisova, E. Ostroukhov, I. In: Ostroukhov, I. From to , while he was Prakhov, N. Kiev, Arts, Pavel Chistyakov Hereinafter - Prakhov.
It was then that Chistyakov began to form Commune. Artistic Commune. Hereinafter - Abramtsevo. Spiro, V. Moscow, A. Mamontov Publishing House . The Polenovs lived on Dzhurova, T. For more information, from September until Diaghilev, Sergei. Articles, Open Letters, Interviews. In two vols. Sternin, G. Compiled by Kashtanova, Ye. Polenovo Open-Air Museum. Tula, Design-Project publishing house. Memoirs of Natalya Polenova, the younger. Russian State Archive of Literature and Art.
Fund , catalogue 1, item Fund 54, Item May On the Occasion of His th Anniversary. Hereinafter - Polenov. T-d Tugenhold. October 16, Chaliapin, Feodor. Vasily Polenov letter to Savva Mamontov, 22 May Vasily Polenov with his daughters at the Borok estate Photograph. Polenov inherited his talent for architecture from his maternal great-grandfather, Nikolai Alexandrovich Lvov , an architect, composer, writer and engineer, whose work he knew well.
Oil on canvas. That may have become a source of new inspiration for Polenov, but his love for, and understanding of the Russian Middle Ages remained undiminished. In the s, Polenov began to look for models in the architecture of historical periods that stretched back earlier than the 17th century, the era that was an almost universal source of inspiration for architects of the second half of the 19th century.
No other architect at that time was bold enough to engage with the styles of previous eras as freely as Polenov. Pencil, watercolour, ink on paper Sketch of the church of the agricultural vocational school in Kologriv, a town in the Kostroma Governorate. Watercolour, lead pencil, ink on paper. It should be noted that Polenov, always an artist of an independent mind, undertook church projects like these only when he was allowed full creative freedom.
That had been the case at Abramtsevo, and the same condition was essential when Polenov came to design a church in Kologriv in Artistically it is a very.
They came up with what I believe is a very ingenious solution. Instead of building a stand-alone church, they want to build a big space, to be used as a refectory, with an altar and all the church paraphernalia at the end section of the hall. As with his previous assignments, his vision drew on the medieval architecture of the Russian North — the old towns of Novgorod the Great and Pskov: the Church would have one dome and one apse. In a sketch for its exterior decorative elements, the jug-shaped columns of the porch suggest 17th century Muscovite architecture, while the shapes of the windows and their arrangement on the walls evoke the Romanesque style of medieval Western Europe.
In such a way. Polenov was able to achieve a harmonious combination of his favourite elements of different styles. The efforts that Polenov put into its design were not in vain, however. In the requisite official document, the. Lazarus Church? In ancient Novgorod and Pskov limestone had also been widely used in construction.
The capitals of the pillars are adorned with carved lotuses, an element that relates the Byokhovo church to the 6th century Chapel of St. Helena in the lower level of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. There must be so many things to see on his estate, beginning with the home and the. He built the church for them as well and, as always the case, it turned out cheap and splendid. Feeling his dreams to be coming true, Polenov was both designing and building a home for his large family and creating a museum.
Or, to. In Karelia, the homes of peasants included several sections — the main house and its accessory structures — under one roof, a principle that Polenov applied pertinently when he connected his own Big House with its outbuildings by a roofed passage. The architectural style of the Big House was strongly influenced by English country cottages with their free planning, multi-level lay-out and use of wood.
For Polenov, perhaps the most valuable elements in Morris were his love of medieval aesthetics and his conviction that art was a panacea for all troubles. But whereas the Red House was to a great extent an artistic experiment for. Veules, Normandy Sketch.
Morris and his artist friends, almost a manifesto for the Arts and Crafts movement, Polenov set no such grand goals for himself. Although Polenov did indeed create a museum in his house, he was never keen to attract public attention, which may explain why his estate was ignored by contemporary architectural critics. Polenov became acquainted with the work of the Darmstadt artists at the World Fair in Paris, where the interiors of several rooms were on display, and thus knew of the closeness of his own already realized artistic ideas with the stylistic experimentation of the German artists in their invention of a new style.
The Big House is distinguished by the restraint of its composition, its main section with two storeys, and above them a third level, a loft, or mansard storey with roofs of different heights and sloping gradients, which helps to highlight the independence of the different parts of the building.
The compositional centre of the Big House is its library, a room initially intended as a picture gallery, which also made it the spiritual and conceptual centre of the building. A sense of upwards direction dominates the library, a development of the vertical that emphasizes the profound connection between the main idea and medieval aesthetics. The study, the room with the strongest personal touch of Polenov, is in large measure a self-portrait of its creator.
In its design, Polenov combined different varieties of wood, including oak, ash, elm, walnut, birch and maple. The lower section of the cabinet features a protrusion, or sitting ledge, an unusual element that recalls medieval interior decoration, where benches were built into the walls.
Although it features various furnishings in most original combinations, the interior of the dining-room is nonetheless harmonious. All the axial lines of the ground-floor rooms converge at a single point at the foot of the stairs, thus enhancing the impression of movement along a vertical path, and also highlighting the interconnection of all the rooms on the ground floor.
The first meaning of its name evoked a place of seclusion and work, like that once found in the medieval monasteries. It had an unusually high ceiling, which was needed because Polenov did a great deal of work for the theatre as a stage-designer: by stretching a canvas from wall to wall, it was possible to paint the backdrop set, while a special opening in the ceiling, reached through.
The interior of the Abbey is noteworthy for its combination of brick walls with wooden ceiling beams, with wooden support columns and log walls on the second floor. Where we lived in the North there were lots of small mills around the rivers and lakes, and it was there that I first became familiar with watermills.
Observe the sequence of tenses in your answers. Discuss Emily's behaviour. Answer the questions and report them to the class. Did Emily understand that her friend had a problem? What were the signs of the problem? Why did she behave like that? Was Emily a good friend to Jane? Did Emily make a mistake or was she right to act the way she did? What was the problem? Did you tell anybody? Was it a good decision or were your sorry about it later?
Homework English in focus Emily and her friends are going to the hospital to visit Jane. They want to make her laugh and are getting all of the best jokes they know ready to tell. Every joke has a punch line which is usually the final word or sentence.
The which produces a sudden, funny effect and makes people laugh. Take this joke, for example: Patient: Doctor! Nobody ever listens to me. No one ever pays any attention to what I have to say. Doctor: Next, please! Read the joke and answer the questions: What's the punch line of the joke?
Who was the man talking to? Retell the joke in reported speech. A father and his baby One Sunday some visitors to Hyde Park, who were sitting on benches quietly enjoying their sandwiches, were suddenly surprised by a strange young man. The young man was pushing a pram. The baby in the pram was crying loudly.
You should control yourself, Tom. The young man stopped, took some chocolate out of his bag and gave it to the baby. It just cried louder and louder. An old woman who had been watching the man came up to him and smiled. Why are you crying? Tom is my name. Aesop and the traveller Aesop, a Greek philosopher, was famous for his jokes.
One day Aesop was out for a walk when he saw a man. The man was lost. The traveller went away. After the traveller had gone some distance, Aesop shouted after him. Listen to the expressions and repeat them after the speaker. Match the expressions with their translations. Sometimes more than one combination is possible. How can you burn calories?
What physical activity do you do every day? Give examples of a balanced diet. What should a person eat? Do you like it? Do you think it tastes good? Are they popular? Do you like the food there? Emily and her friends have come to visit Jane. The hospital is holding a conference on healthy lifestyles. A government health advisor. Read the following statements. Listen to the conference and check your answers.
Do you agree with these statements? Listen to your parents when they Somebody who Homework A Translate the following statements into Russian. She asked Andrew to come to her house at 6. He told us he had never been there before. John asked Peter if he could help him. We asked Mary where she had been.
She told Martin she would be able to meet him at 7. He said that Moscow is one of the most beautiful capitals in the world. She told her son to tell the truth. The mother asked her son what he was doing.
A into direct speech. Balanced, healthy, casual, strict, vegetarian — DIET 2. Everybody wants to Lessons 5,6 "An apple a day keeps the doctor away" 1 Choose the correct word and complete the sentences.
Kate eats a kilo of sweets a day. If you want to lose weight, you should do This yoghurt has Would you like some cheese? This year we have I think we should make jams and juice. You need very People who eat fruit and vegetables have Next time you should buy The meat they were eating was tasty. Fill in the gaps with the article the when necessary. He said that there was Children should drink At what temperature does Pass me Listen to the words and expressions and repeat them after the speaker.
Match the words and the translations. Use the words from the list. What would you like to know about eating better and a healthy lifestyle? Prepare some questions. They asked Mr Small and Mr Foam some questions.
Read the questions and try to answer them. What should 1 do? Which of your own questions were answered? However, it's always better to do some exercise than none at all. Here are some simple tips for you. Eat smaller portions You don't have to give up all your favourite food, but you'll have to eat less bread, sugar and fat. Take a smafer plate and put less food on it. But don't skip meals. It won't do you any good. Don't eat less fruit and vegetables. They are always good for you.
Concentrate on your food Don't read or watch TV when you eat. Put your knife and fork down and chew your food slowly and carefully. You'll feel full sooner and won't eat so much. Unit 3 Lessons 5, 6 95 Have healthy snacks Forget about high-fat, high-calorie snacks: cookies, potato chips and soda.
Make your own sandwiches with meat and vegetables. Drink water or juice instead of Coke and lemonade. Have an apple instead of a hot dog. Drink a lot of water Your body needs a lot of water. Drink at least two litres of water every day. Tea and coffee don't count! Don't eat after 7 p. Have your last meal at least two hours before you go to bed. The answer is no. Most of them aren't safe either.
If you take them, you can sometimes be putting your health in danger. Anybody who promises you that is telling you a lie. You can go on a very strict diet of fewer than calories a day for a week or two and lose weight, but you won't be happy with the result.
A diet like this will leave you feeling weak and give you headaches, bad breath and bad skin. When you finish it, the weight will come back quickly. You could even gain some excess weight. As a result you'll look and feel miserable.
But if you live in a region where it's difficult to get them, you should take multivitamins. Some juices contain a lot of sugar, which is bad for your teeth. When you buy juice read the information on the box. There must be no added sugar in it. As an alternative just have an apple or a carrot.
They are better for you than any juice. But if you want to be fit, you'll have to do more. Do some exercise in the morning or in the afternoon every day; ride a bicycle, go swimming or jogging, wash the floors in your home or walk the dog. Everything counts! If you burn more calories, you lose more weight. Everybody must take multivitamins every day.
Diets that arc too strict can make you fatter, 4. Only swimming and jogging can help you burn calories. You can eat as many fruit and vegetables as you want. Coffee is good for you. Fruit is better than Juice. Carrots are healthier than apples. Diet pills sometimes work.
Information for A Look at the activities. Think about the correct word for each of them. Ask your partner how many calories each activity burns and fill in the table. Model: A: How many calories does an hour of reading burn? B: It burns ten calories. Activity Calories burned for 10 minutes of activity 1.
Activity Calories burned for 10 minutes of activity Unil 3 b. The information is on this page. How many servings a day of these things do you eat? Fill in the table with the information about yourself. Fill in the table. Milk, yoghurt, cheese Fruit Meat, fish, eggs Bread, cereal, pasta, rice Fat and sugar Vegetables b Analyse your results.
Use the following phrases and expressions. I should eat more I can gain weight if I eat too much. Read what happened in the hospital when Emily and her friends were visiting Jane.
Retell the story. Use reported speech. Mr Small went up to one of them. Follow my example. He was sitting in a wheelchair, but his eyes were merry and bright. Ufiii 3 Lossons 5. She saw a very, very old man in the corner of the room.
He had no teeth or hair and he couldn't see or hear very well, so she had to come very close to him. The children followed her.
I smoke thirty cigarettes a day and drink a bottle of whisky every day. Sometimes I also have two bottles of beer. I never eat vegetables or fruit and I live on chocolate and cakes.
She admitted that she was wrong. It won 7 do you any good. Alex refused to go with his friend. Kate told her friend, "OK. Kate agreed to invite Jane. Read the dialogue and answer the questions. What has happened? Who refused to take the friends to the hospital? Did the friends agree with the decision? Who went to the hospital? Olga: What are you doing here, guys?
And what about you. Mark: What has happened? Olga: A Russian lady and her son came to the hospital this morning. I have come to translate for them. Misha: I can help too. Emily: Grandma is right.
Look at the pictures and guess the meaning of the words. I medical insurance [ Read the story and find out what happened to Kolya. What's wrong with you? Take V an aspirin. We need antibiotics. But my son needs help! I can't sell antibiotics without a prescription.
But it could be very expensive, Do you have any medical insurance? Yes, we had to get some to get the visa. Contact your insurance company and they'll tell you what to do.
Thank you very much for your advice. Go to All Saints Hospital. We have told the hospital about your case. The insurance policy number is My son needs help. He has a high temperature and a headache. Try to write the story in reported speech.
Use the verbs from the list on page In most cases more than one version can be correct. Read about what happened at the doctor's office and then write dialogues for the pictures. Model: The doctor asked Kolya where it hurt. Kolya replied that he had a headache and was feeling very weak. He added that the boy would have to stay in bed for two days and take some medicine. The doctor gave Lena a prescription for antibiotics and a nasal spray. Then the Russian tourists said goodbye and went to the drugstore.
The insurance company agreed to pay for the medicine and Lena thanked them for that. In the end Lena decided that it had been a very good idea to get some medical insurance.
Kolya agreed. Are these statements true or false? In America you can't buy any medicine without a prescription. In America buying medicine without a prescription is more expensive. Tourists should get medical insurance only if they need it to get a visa for a foreign country.
People should get medical insurance because it will help them if they get ill. In America medicine is more expensive than in Russia. Unit Homework A Read the story and rewrite it in reported speech. Answer why the first manager couldn't insure the man's life. Honesty A young man went into an insurance office. He wanted to get some life insurance. My mother was very unhealthy when she was a child, and she had problems with her health all her life.
My mother was thirty-five and my father was forty. She died when she was ninety because she fell off her bike. My father was ninety-nine and died while he was playing football.
He had missed the ball and was very upset about it. C Turn the following sentences into reported speech. D Translate the sentences into English.
Read the text and do the task of Ex. He was born on 22 February into the family of a rich Virginia landowner. In his early twenties, Washington took part in the war which the British Empire was fighting against France for the new territories in America.
This was later called the French and Indian War. Washington fought bravely, but he didn't stay in the British army. He was very unhappy about how badly the American officers were being treated by the British generals. In the British government decided to make the Americans pay taxes, but they forgot about the independent spirit of the colonists, whose ancestors had travelled across the ocean to find liberty and independence.
Although the tax wasn't high and the colonists could afford to pay it easily, they were angry when they heard about the new law. The colonies were not even represented in the British Parliament, so nobody asked their opinion about the new taxes. The Americans then decided to boycott British goods. So a war between Great Britain and its American colonies was about to start, but nobody could ever imagine that it would all begin over tea. It happened in when British ships loaded with tea and guarded by warships came into Boston Harbour.
The tea had to be unloaded and the tax on it had to be paid by midnight on December 16, At night, just before the deadline, the colonists dressed as Indians quietly climbed up into the ships. They opened the boxes of tea and emptied them all into the harbour. They called this the Boston Tea Party, and it became the first in a line of events that led America to separate finally from the British Empire. At that time the Congress was a kind of American government which consisted of delegates from all of the thirteen colonies.
Washington found himself with a force of 14, badly trained men, who had no discipline and quickly lost their morale when things went wrong. His efforts were not in vain; in America won a six-year-long war and in peace with Great Britain was signed.
Although the victory made George Washington a national hero, he dreamed about getting back to his farm in Mount Vernon. Glinka was born in Petersburg Central Pedagogical Institute. However, it was St. Soviet Literature 4. She [Lillian] was s]ightly taller than he Great God! His picture gallery! Hansford Johnson Exercise Comment on the use of articles or their absence. You can't become prime minister at once. Shaw 2. I began once at a dinner to tell a good story.
The scene of yesterday was quite transformed. The sea was now pale and almost colourless, yet at the same time brilliant, a sea of liquid light. It merged without a boundary into a sky which at the horizon was of an equal pallor, though changing at the zenith to a very pale vibrating blue. Here and there in the far distance, as if suspended motionless between sea and sky, there were small sailihg-boats with triangular sails. Murdoch 4. Pickwick observed that fame was dear to the heart of every man.
Poetic fame was dear to the heart of his friend Snodgrass; the fame of conquest was equally dear to his friend Tupman; and the desire of earning fame in the sports of the field, the air, and the water was uppermost in the breast of his friend Winkle. The evening had already deepened into night. I know he couldn't love a Linton.
I must remind you again that Adam had the blood of the peasant in his veins. Eliot 9. She comes home to a late tea, and after tea she never sews. He was already chairman of the department. Thus he stood by the bank of thfs still lake This is Professor Hallorsen, who was head of the expedition. Winter and summer a stove was burning in his room, stoked by Peter Saward's landlady, a Miss Glashan, who also brought him his meals and did the cleaning.
George got out his banjo after supper and wanted to play it, but Harris objected. He said he had got a headache. George thought the music might do him good—said music often soothed the nerves and took away a headache. Harris said he would rather have the headache. A full moon rode between the elm trees and there was silence as of the grave.
The world is all before him where to choose. A life of stirring work and interest, a life of change and excitement, a life of domestic ease and love! After all, we all live in the future, even if it's a future where we aren't to be found anywhere upon the earth. But, ere that moment, an astonishing and vivid experience happened to them. One might have supposed that, in the life of Priam Farle at least, enough of the astonishing and the vivid had already happened. There was a certain dignity in the little elderly gentleman's manner of rebuking these youths; though it was not, perhaps, quite the dignity most appropriate to the occasion.
I went into the war when I was seventeen, ran away from school to do it, enlisting as a Tommy and telling them I was nineteen.
Phuong was drinking a glass of orange juice and I was having a beer and we sat in silence, content to be together. So it was that on the following day, which was a Saturday, Rosa was knocking on Mrs. Wingfield's door at about four o'clock. State the morphological composition of the following adjectives. Pretty, bushy, weather-stained, thoughtful, hard-hearted, illegitimate, sober, non-party, low-bred, improbable, sceptical, counter-revolutionary, careworn, beloved, wicked, disobedient, long-legged, regular, water-proof, large, well-timed, homeless, shaky, courageous, panic-stricken, blindfold, Portuguese, newly-baked, antique, peace-making, forlorn, illegible, abundant, red-haired, small, deep-blue, bookish, snow-white, respectable- looking.
Give the comparative and superlative degrees. Cosy, merciful, bad, complete, fat, cheap, big, clumsy, stupid, far, miserable, narrow, virtuous, simple, merry, regular, expensive, low, deep, sad, significant, bitter, intimate, lazy, old, serious, tiny, clever, little, considerate, gay, good, much, dark, beautiful, dear, fit.
Exercise 3. Use the adjective in the comparative or superlative degree. They had dined well and were now drinking hard Difficult to believe it was so long ago, he felt young still! Exercise 5. Point out all the substantivised adjectives and state whether they are wholly or partially substantivised. He basked in the company of the young.
We must take the bitter along with the sweet. Reade 3. She warned the domestics not to touch the child, as Mrs. Osborne might be offended. It was a surprise to the optimistic: but it was even more of a surprise to the experienced. Snow 5. Oh, I know he is a right good fellow, but it belongs to the rank of the impossible. Meade 6. Imogen turning her luscious glance from one to the other of the "old dears", only smiled. How do I know what's gone on between you?
The rights and the wrongs of it. I don't want to know. Wilson 8. Willoughby was wearing greens, garrison hat, and all his ribbons. Heym 9. They were like poor savages confronted with a beautiful white girl. This year I covered half the world and saw people in such numbers — it seems to me I saw everybody but the dead. But they had been such innocents then I Galsworthy He was, as they saw it, part of the rich and superior class and every poor man knew what that meant. The poor must stand together everywhere.
I was soon to discover that Gevaert was never interested in what "inferiors" had to say. Point out the pronouns in the following sentences and define the class each belongs to. There's nothing for any of us to do. Both these people were resolved to treat Mr. Polly very well, and to help his exceptional incompetence in every possible way. Wells 3. Twain 4. Such were the reflections of Felix before the brass tablet. It was the sort of solemn warning that a sanguine man gives to others, because he ought to give it to himself.
Elizabeth and George talked and found each other delightful. Aldington 7. What we need is a higher and purer political morality. She hesitated a moment, and then sat down beside me, and laid her hand on mine. The uniform had been cut for a stouter person than myself, but one, fortunately, of approximately the same height.
What about this coal strike? Will it ruin the country as the papers say? Isn't it a foolish thing on both sides? She sat in a state of irresponsible exaltation, watching him, with that strange passive cruelty which is natural and proper in her sex and age.
None of us except Collingwood knew what the Prime Minister thought of Roger or his policy. There were. Then a guarded voice said, "Who goes there? Husbands and wives never listen when they talk to each other, only when the other is talking to somebody else.
Fowler Let me tell you something. There was at least one person in the world who knew that he was alive and attached some importance to the fact. What are you talking about? I can only say what I think. He seemed to get prouder and prouder over each item of his own deficiency.
We said good-bye to one another and arranged to meet in the autumn. What was it in this girl that reminded turn of that one with whom he had lived but two years, and mourned fifteen? Galsworthy - Exercise 2. Use the appropriate form of the possessive pronoun.
Hemingway 2. Hemingway 3. Lindsay 4. Salinger 6. Bellow 8. Greene 9. His own hand shook as he accepted a rose or two from — and thanked her her, hers.
Dickens Exercise 3. Point out the reflexive pronouns and define their function. Much more than most politicians Gave knew himself. Meanwhile, he paraded himself gloriously before this young man. Priestley 3. Of course, I myself used to be very wealthy Clark 4. He was not doubting the logic, he realized suddenly; what he was doubting was himself.
Jones 5. Still, he must be thankful that she had been too young to do anything in that war itself. Simon calmed himself with an effort. Sheckley 7. But you might remember that one respects oneself more afterwards -if one pays one's way.
Miss Adele Gerry opened the door herself. He sunned himself in Chanton's admiring gaze. What was the use even of loving, if love itself had to yield to death?
This is where we wash ourselves, Eliza, and where I am going to wash you. Gevaert cleared his throat and addressed himself to me. They blamed themselves for this unlucky marriage. The theatre manager himself I have made myself perfectly pleasant here. Several times he reminded himself that he had not rung up Shuckleworth yet. He could talk races with Hurstwood, tell interesting incidents concerning himself.
I want to be kept in constant touch with his progress myself. Anne's terror of being discovered in London or its neighbourhood, whenever they ventured to walk out, had gradually communicated itself to Mrs.
Soames added: "Well, I hope, you'll both enjoy yourselves" Galsworthy Cave might have concealed from others, but not from himself, that he profoundly envied Roger. Supply some or any.
A few had gone beyond the gate. Heym 5. Hemingway 7. In the town there were Hemingway 8. Shaw Exercise 5. Supply somebody or anybody, someone or anyone. Priestley 2. Priestley 4. There was a light tap on the door. Priestley 7. Priestley 9. Galsworthy Exercise 6. Supply something or anything. Saroyan 5. Cusack Aldington Exercise 7.
Point out conjunctive, relative, and interrogative pronouns. She was heartily sick of London fog and cold and soot and niessy open fires which fill the room with dust but don't warm it. Aldington 2. You see, Hushabye, you are what women consider a good- looking man. Who could tell what his son's circumstances really were? You don't want to do anything that you'll be sorry for.
A man is mostly what you want to see in him. Heym 7. What do you expect me to believe? She rises with an air of one who waits and is almost at the end of her patience. It was evident, indeed, that she wished me to drop the subject, which I did accordingly. Several times their eyes accidentally met, and then there poured into hers such a flood of feeling as she had never experienced.
Would she go with them or stay here and write to William. Which, which should it be? Mansfield He mentioned things in the play which she most approved of, things which swayed her deeply.
I do so wonder what Jolyon's boy is like. What hurt him most was the fact that he was being pursued as a thief. Point out the words denoting state. The afternoon was full of transfiguring sunshine, some Judas trees were abloom in the villa gardens Wells 2.
I did not mind for myself. I should not have cared if had been alone. We are not afraid of the truth. The rest of his costurne So nearly akin are human joy and sorrow. Wells 6. The lieutenant Jay asleep on the other bed. He lit a pool of paraffin on the scullery floor and instantly a nest. Wells 8, He [Mr. Polly] rattled and stormed and felt the parlour already ablaze behind him. Wells 9. But Mr. Polly's establishment looked more like a house afire than most houses on fire contrive to look from start to finish.
You know- everything there is to know about me. There's not much, because I have not been alive for wery long. He did not answer. I was aware again of that feeling of discomfort. State the morphological composition of the verbs. To worry, to precipitate, to forbid, to retire, to retell, to do away, to whitewash, to whiten, to ascend, to apologize, to engage, to enfold, to give in, to decompose, to translate, to transport, to browbeat, to subscribe, to subordinate, to run away, to underestimate, to backbite, to mislead, to forget, to succeed, to disobey, to take off, to overrun, to satisfy, to recede, to come in, to resign, to superintend, I to descend, to blackmail, to put up, to unbind, to win, to counteract, to go on, to forecast, to befriend, to go away, to lie, to predispose.
Point out notional, auxiliary, modal, and link verbs. She went into the drawing-room and lighted the fire; then, picking up the cushions, one by one, that Mary had disposed so care-1 fully, she threw them back onto the chairs and the couches. That] made all the difference; the room came alive at once. As she wasi about to throw the last one she surprised herself by suddenly hugging it to her, passionately, passionately.
But it did not put ou the fire in her bosom. Oh, on the contrary! The windows of the drawing-room opened onto a balcony overlooking the garden.
At the far end, against the wall, there wasi a tall, slender pear tree in fullest, richest bloom; it stood perfect,' as though becalmed against the jade-green sky. Bertha couldn't! Down below, in the garden beds, the red and yellow tulips, heavy with flowers, seemed to lean upon the dusk. A grey cat, dragging its belly, crept across the lawn, and a black; one, its shadow, trailed after. The sight of them, so intent and scj quick, gave Bertha a curious shiver.
Really — really — she had everything. She was young. Harry and she were as much in love as ever, and they got on together splendidly. She had an adorable baby.
They didn't have to worry about money. They had this absolutely satisfactory house and garden. Mansfield Exercise 3. Point out all the verbs. State whether they are transitive oi intransitive. She had spoiled his life, wounded his pride to death, de frauded him of a son. The door opened, and a thick set heavy-looking young man entered Eliot 3. The paddock was fairly well filled with people and they were walking the horses around in a ring under the trees behind the grandstand.
Hemingway 4. Fleur did not answer. She stood for a moment looking at him and he mother After turning the matter over and con suiting with Irene, he wrote to his daughter, Mrs. Val Dartie.. The soldiers pushed the foreign workers into groups and led them off.
Hughson marched him up to a sort of jarge desk that was all glass and shining metal. Priestley 8. While she stood hesitating, the door opened, and an old man came forth shading a candle with one hand. Hardy 9. Fleur looked at her watch and rose. It was Fleur's turn now. She spoke of dogs, and the way people treated them. Galsworthy jl. The stream which worked the mill came bubbling down in a dozen rivulets.
He was waiting for us I did not feel, at first, that I knew him as well as he knew me, because he had never come to our house since the night I was born, and naturally he had the advantage of me. Insert the Present Indefinite or Future Indefinite. I'm going abroad next week. She'll then be sent to some place of detention for a time. Insert the Present Indefinite or Present Continuous.
I must go. I'm late. Jerome 8. And now my written story ends. I look back, once more — for the last time — before I close these leaves. As I approached the Cathedral, I was particularly struck by the golden cupolas on the roof that appeared to.
As I stood before the enormous front doors, I was filled with anticipation as I prepared to enter sacred space. Nothing could have adequately prepared me, however, for the completely other-worldly beauty I beheld when I entered the Cathedral. Icons covered the walls of the interior from the floor to the ceiling, pictorially revealing the events of the Gospel.
It occurred to me that even if people could neither read nor hear, they could nevertheless see and learn the contents of Holy Scripture. Moreover, the style of the icons was not naturalistic, as in Western religious art; rather, the faces of the figures were transformed by Divine Grace. From these icons, another world beckoned to me. I literally felt as though I had discovered an outpost of the Kingdom of Heaven.
In our time, we are accustomed to attending audiovisual presentations. I had arrived at the beginning of the evening Vigil service, when a protodeacon with a magnificent bass voice began to intone the petitions of the Great Litany. But there was more: The recollected and devout manner in which the faithful prayed left a profound impression on me. As there were no pews, everyone stood during the service and frequently made the Sign of the Cross, followed by a reverent bow.
I would soon learn that it is much easier to prayerfully concentrate when standing than when sitting. I was also amazed at how the angelic singing and intensely Grace-filled content of the service made it seem as though the lengthy Vigil was of rather short duration, and when I departed, my heart was very full.
I could not wait to return! Every time the opportunity presented itself to attend a service at the New Cathedral, I was filled with anticipation.
Sometime later, during my catechetical studies, I had occasion to read about the first VOL. And now, whenever I enter the New Cathedral to serve as a substitute priest for one of its clergy, or to participate in a festal Divine Service, these words joyously resound in my soul once again.
I went to the New Cathedral to venerate the relics of St. John the Wonderworker and ask for his intercessions for my life as an Orthodox Christian. Accompanying me were members of our Orthodox Christian Fellowship from college and my brother Jon, who had come from Oregon to be with me on this occasion.
Only moments after we entered the Cathedral, there emerged from the St. I and my fellow students walked over to him to receive his blessing, while my brother respectfully observed this hierarch, who in his perception, exuded great warmth and holiness. We then went to the sepulchre of St. John the Wonderworker, which was one floor beneath the main altar, and as we entered, I could tell that my brother sensed the great grace that was present.
This visit occurred during the Feast of the Epiphany, at which time holy water is sprinkled throughout churches and homes. As we stood near the relics of St. He was accompanied by a young acolyte who was holding a large bowl of holy water. The Archbishop was dipping a large brush into the bowl and blessing the walls of the Sepulchre with holy water, all the while singing the festal Troparion. As His Eminence was well acquainted with the students of our Orthodox Christian Fellowship, he warmly greeted us and sprinkled us with a bit of holy water.
When the Archbishop approached and stood before my brother, he stopped in his tracks, became silent, and looked deeply into his eyes. After some moments passed, the Archbishop then turned with a quizzical look toward the young acolyte, who in turn nodded his head with enthusiasm. His Eminence then immersed the brush in the holy water bowl and proceeded to drench my younger brother with holy water.
Then, as though nothing remarkable had occurred, Vladyka joyously resumed singing the festal Troparion and blessed the rest of the sepulchre walls. He then departed in order to bless the rest of the Cathedral grounds.
Eight years later, my brother embraced the Orthodox Faith. He married and is now the father of four children. When he and his Orthodox family visit San Francisco and venerate the relics of St. John, we fondly recall the occasion of his memorable first visit to the New Cathedral. John's relics lie, my impressions probably do not differ very much from those of anyone else, particularly Orthodox Christians with similar aesthetic sensibilities.
I have not visited all the Orthodox cathedrals in the United States, but it is difficult to imagine one more awe-inspiring than this one, built in the s under the auspices of St. John himself. The iconostasis and illumined icons shine in the candlelight of the prayers of the faithful.
The highdomed ceilings and wall-to-wall iconography are stunning. On a sunny day, the floor-to-ceiling stained-glass windows, each adorned with an Orthodox cross and ornate vines of grapes, let in streaming sunlight that illumines the nave.
During the Divine Services, holiness comes to life through the media of heavenly smelling incense, glorious vestments, and inspiring Liturgical music. If my first impression of the Cathedral is common, my first experience there was unique, humorous, and unforgettable. My husband, Fr. Dimitri, was a deacon at the time, and had been transferred from the St. He was assigned to serve, teach, sing the daily services, travel with the bishop and run the bookstore.
Shortly after arriving, I took our new baby of seven months to pray at the relics of St. I tried the front doors of the cathedral, only to find that they were locked. Someone, having heard me attempting to get in, opened the door and with a surprised look told me that they were having a private service for the departed.
I introduced myself as the wife of the new deacon, at which point I was affectionately ushered in. An attractive middle-aged woman approached me, welcomed me, and began complimenting me on how adorable my baby was, asking his age,. Yevgraf is my first child, and he was beautiful, so I could not have been more proud.
Understanding her point by then, I replied as gracefully and matter of factly as possible by repeating his name. He had ascended the Western American cathedra in and ruled the Diocese until the day of his death, thirty-two years later. The following is but a short list of works accomplished during this time: the completion of the Cathedral in San Francisco, its painting and consecration; the founding of a number of English language missions, along with a home for the elderly and the first Orthodox grade school the St.
An expert on church statutes and divine services, Archbishop Anthony also composed the texts of services dedicated to St. Herman of Alaska, St. Xenia of St. Petersburg, and a large part of the service dedicated to St. In addition, it is simply impossible to exaggerate the role that Vladyka Anthony played in the glorification of St. John—spearheading the uncovering of the relics and conducting all the preparatory work for the process of glorification. Archbishop Anthony was the last bishop of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia to be born and educated in pre-Revolutionary Russia, and as such, his life was marked by the trials and tribulations that befell his generation.
After losing his mother to a premature death, his father sent the boy to the Poltava Cadet Corps to receive an education. He completed his schooling at the White Church in Yugoslavia, where the family had relocated as a result of the Revolution and Civil War.
From a young age, he felt drawn to another path. At the age of twenty-two, Artemy Medvedev entered the Milkovo Monastery as a novice, where he was tonsured in —first as a rassophore monk under the name Alexei, and then, on May 22, , as a mantia monk under the name Anthony, in honor of Venerable An-.
He was ordained a hierodeacon on April 5, , and then a Hieromonk on March 14, , in Pozarevac. During the Second World War, Hieromonk Anthony was appointed chaplain to the first regiment of the Russian Corps, and on September 10, , was awarded the gold pectoral cross for zealous performance of pastoral duties. When the war ended, he joined the brotherhood of Venerable Job of Pochaev and moved to the Holy Trinity Monastery in Jordanville, New York—but it was not the lot of the future archbishop to lead a quiet life in the cenobium.
A lexander Nevsky in Lakewood, [New Jersey,] following the death of the protopriest Vorobyev, Hieromonk Anthony is appointed to serve the church throughout the year. Holy Cross. His plane was slightly delayed, landing at in the evening.
Barsky, the churchwarden of the cathedral N. Logunov, and a representative of the parish council, N. Zolotovsky, along with a number of other people. By p. In a short salutation to those in attendance, he recounted how eleven years before, on his way to Australia as a newly consecrated bishop, he had passed through San Francisco, where he performed the evening service alongside his two predecessors—Archbishop Tikhon and Archbishop John.
Vladyka recalled that, upon his consecration into the episcopacy, he had turned to God in prayer, asking the Lord to grant him the hearts of the flock and the clergy.
This love was what distinguished him, what guided him in life, and what inspired him in his spiritual service. Translated by Maria Wroblewski. Archive of the Western American Diocese. Over the course of his thirty-two years of service, I was brought up under the omophorion of Vladyka Anthony as a subdeacon, deacon, and finally a priest.
During those years, I collected many memories of our beloved Vladyka, but here I would like to recall two important attributes of his character that serve as a source of inspiration for myself and for many other clergymen in our diocese. Vladyka Anthony was a great man of prayer who enjoyed—who lived for—divine worship. How many times did I walk into the Cathedral during the weekday service, having been in the city on some business, and Vladyka was at the kliros!
To cut his prayers short or to skip them—whether before the Liturgy or during the day— was unthinkable for him. For those of us who had the opportunity to concelebrate the Divine Liturgy with Vladyka Anthony, it is impossible to express through words the piety, the prayerful mood, and the feelings of Grace experienced during the service.
This could especially be felt during the Anaphora, the preparation of the Holy Eucharist. He pronounced each word with the deepest faith, with fear and trepidation.
We could barely breathe when, through his prayers, the transubstantiation of the Holy Gifts took place. It was precisely during one such service that Vladyka unexpectedly demonstrated how profoundly he under-. Vladyka Anthony was celebrating the Liturgy, and I was serving as subdeacon. Vladyka had a rule: that while the Royal Doors were open, altar servers were not allowed to pass behind the Holy Table in order to cross to the other side of the sanctuary there is a passage behind the altar through which one can easily walk unseen.
That day, the senior subdeacon, Peter Goobin, a man respected by everybody, forgot this rule for a moment and walked to the other side of the altar while the Royal Doors were still open.
Vladyka corrected him in a rather stern manner, and Peter Petrovich, realizing his mistake, asked for forgiveness and returned to his place. The service continued in peace. Then the time came for the clergy to take Communion. Vladyka fearfully received a piece of the Holy Lamb as always and recited the prayer read before Communion. Suddenly he interrupted the prayer, very carefully returned the piece to the diskos, and left the Sanctuary.
I immediately ran after him, thinking that, God forbid, he had become ill or something like that. Vladyka quickly walked through that very passage behind the sanctuary, the altar servers jumping up to let him by, and walked up to the place where subdeacon Peter was sitting.
I will never in my life forget even now, as I write these words, tears come to my eyes how the ruling Archbishop of the Western American Diocese, a permanent member of the Synod of Archbishops, fell before the elderly subdeacon to beg his forgiveness.
The other, in horror, sprang up and reciprocated by prostrating himself. Only then, upon embracing his brother Peter, did Vladyka allow himself to return to the Holy Table and receive the Gift of Holy Communion. I do not dare consider myself worthy of praising my instructor, so I thank God that He sent us such a shining example of Christian piety and pastoral love. May the All-Merciful Lord give repose to the radiant soul of our dear Schema—Archbishop Anthony, and through his prayers, may He grant us the strength to at least emulate him in the smallest measure.
This attitude came from soberness and a simple but profound logic. One could write a book about the piety of Archbishop Anthony. In honor of the fifth anniversary of his death1, I would like to share a few examples of his devoutness with the readers. Once, while I was serving as secretary of the office of the Western American Diocese, I received five or six boxes of the Gospel in Slavonic, then newly published by Archimandrite Mitrophan Manuilov.
I instructed the mailman to leave the boxes on the floor in the hallway by the entrance to the diocesan chancery. Not long after that, Archbishop Anthony came down to the chancery he lived in an apartment above and, noticing the boxes, told me to put them somewhere else while he went into the back room to look for some documents in the diocesan archives. I got to work, but instead of lugging each box separately, I decided to move all the boxes at once with the help of my right foot.
When Vladyka walked out of the archive and saw how I was moving the boxes with my foot, concern appeared on his face those who were close to Archbishop Anthony knew that expression all too well—it made clear that something was not right. Father Ilya was sitting in the back with the Holy Gifts. I knew him well, since it was he that anointed me in Hong Kong while he was dean of the Ascension Church, which was located in that city. This November, Father Ilya will turn years old [the year was —Ed.
While we were driving to the hospital, I tried several times to start a conversation with Father Ilya, but he was reluctant to respond. This perplexed me, and I thought that perhaps I had offended him somehow.
Vladyka Anthony, who was sitting on the seat beside me, turned to me and, in a low voice VOL. Try not to speak to him unnecessarily. I must say that, thanks to those words, I experienced a very special feeling.
On Great and Holy Friday, every believer goes to church for the divine service with a special sense of anticipation. For myself as the choir director, and for the choir, the divine services of Passion Week are so well practiced, they proceed with calm, quiet solemnity.
Archbishop Anthony came into the church and prepared for the service, putting on his vestments. Particularly in his later years, he was physically exhausted, but one could sense that he was enlivened by incredible spiritual strength and energy. His eyes were purposeful—the expression on his face, one of concentration. Approaching the conclusion of Vespers on Holy Friday, the cathedral is full of the Faithful. Four priests held it on a bier, high over the head of Vladyka Anthony.
He held a small copy of the Gospel above his head. With the help of two protodeacons, Vladyka strained to descend onto his knees before the sepulchre. He kept his head bowed. Only after he had done this did Vladyka dare rise to his feet.
He stood up, placed the garland of flowers in its place, and deliberately, without haste, anointed the Image of the Body with aromatic oil. It is impossible to convey through words the feeling that would captivate me each year at this moment of grace. He breathed it—he lived it.
May the Lord grant repose to the radiant soul of the ever-memorable Archbishop Anthony. Memory eternal to the beloved Vladyka. May we all benefit from his pious example. Translated by Maria Wroblewski 1. But for those lucky enough to have been one of his students, he forever remains a dear and unforgettable teacher. Below are the memories of those students presented so that the portrait on the wall of Sts.
Cyril and Methodius grammar school may come alive for current and future Russian school students. Later, Sophia Emilevna Diterichs, the wife of General Diterichs, arrived and became the school director. I studied at the school for, I think, five years. Father Afanasy taught the Law of God. Father Afanasy loved children, and he lacked any sort of discipline. The children were mischievous, but he never punished them; he was patient with us. He was very young when he was in Shanghai.
The academy had a church in honor of the saints Faith, Hope and Love, and their mother, Sophia. General Mikhail K. Diterichs with wife Sophia and daughter Agniya, We schoolgirls had to attend all evening, weekend, and holiday services.
Girls could serve up to the age of 10 to We all served, of course. Father Afanasy explained everything to us: We knew to never touch the altar, never to walk in front of it. We would walk out with the candles and dress Father Afanasy in his attire. We had to dress him as a bishop: tie up the maniples, put on the epitrachelion—everything had to be right. When we served, instead of sticharions, we had uniforms. Vladyka John Maximovich , our bishop of Shanghai, always served on feast days.
My friend Nina Popova and I had to serve on one of these feast days. Father Afanasy had never explained to us how to put on a grand omophorion.
We twisted it, and twisted, and twisted— those little bells ringing in my ears, like the big bells: boom-boom-boom The choir had stopped singing the appointed hymn already. Vladyka John was silent and waited patiently—he could have at least helped, but nope, not a word. Finally, we somehow figured it out: I was in a cold sweat. I still remember to this day all of that anxiety. I lived nearby, and when I served in the evening, Father Afanasy sometimes walked me home.
There was a pastry shop on the way, and he would buy me half a pound of marmalade, but I did not like marmalade. I really wanted a chocolate! Dad and Mom met in Prague, where my sister was also born.
After the arrival of the Red Army, we evacuated on foot to Germany. In Regensburg, I became a scout and studied at the Pushkin gymnasium. In , we came to America, and in , moved to San Francisco. In the middle of , I went to Sts. Cyril and Methodius grammar school, which I graduated from in I was the only graduate: all the others dropped out. I decided that since I had already spent so much time there, I might as well finish. I was seventeen years old at the time.
There were about forty-fifty students in the school. There was no room there—we studied in the sacristy, in the vestibule, at the candle desk. After the house next door was bought, we studied there as well. A chapel was built for the students where services were held: first a school confession, and then a short school liturgy, and everyone took Communion. If I remember correctly, Father Afanasy became seriously ill and made a vow that if he recovered, he would completely give himself to spiritual life.
He gave off the impression of being a bohemian person, because he looked like a disorganized person, but at the same time he was able to organize everything in the school. I have no idea how he was able to make it all work—find a place for classes, make gifts, and also drive around the children!
Before the bus, there was an old long DeSoto taxi. We have to be Americans! Sergievsky was a colonel, head of communications at headquarters. Father Afanasy invited the choir director Luksha to help organize the children's choir. There were eight or nine of us, and that was the first time I directed the children's choir. At that time, it was not that easy to do the procession with the Cross; instead of going around the church, the procession took place inside it, and people could barely squeeze through He lived in a little room called a cell.
How did he live there? What did he eat? He was constantly late to services. But when he became Archimandrite, he started trying. He talked me into becoming a subdeacon. Kontsevich, who later became Bishop Nectary. Father Afanasy was kind. Children loved him, although they knew that he was sloppy and disorganized. No one fooled around during his lessons: He could rap on the table and shout, but it was never in a mean way.
He was strict, but he did it so that no one felt offended. And if someone gave the right answer, he would take a candy out of his pocket and reward them. Father Afanasy was not a professional, university educated educator—he was a teacher.
An educator is a specialist who purveys knowledge; he does not teach, he educates. A teacher, on the other hand, wants to pass something on. Jesus Christ taught. He was not an educator—He was a teacher.
Father Afanasy received no special training, but everything worked out for him. He did an amazing thing, despite all obstacles.
In their youth, he and my aunt were great friends, and Father Afanasy courted her. In San Francisco, we lived across the street from the Old Cathedral. That is how Father Afanasy was reunited with our parents. When families would come from China or Europe, and they had no money, Father Afanasy would always take my mother shopping, either for food or clothes, shoes, or furniture.
Father Afanasy never thought of himself. Father Afanasy bought everything on his own dime. Father Afanasy loved children very much. He adored my sister and loved me since childhood. I like to think that I was his favorite. I fought in Vietnam, and he was so proud when I was enlisted in the army. He was so proud that I did not run away.
Lyova Shumilov was also in the army. Father Afanasy would always send packages for Pascha, Christmas: candy, cakes, beef jerky. Parcels cost one hundred dollars to send, which at the time was expensive. Nicholas Dombrovsky teaches Law of God to the 7th grade, Photo courtesy of Irina Meyer. Thanks to Father Afanasy and the Russian school, I know how to speak Russian, as well as read and write. I went to Russian school, but I did not finish it. Father Afanasy was strict in school.
Everyone could see how Father Afanasy loved children, but he was strict. If someone fooled around during his Law of God class, he would send them out of the classroom and put them outside the door for everyone to see that Father Afanasy had punished them. He never touched or beat anybody. I think our Russian school is the oldest one in America. He built a small church at the school.
It took Father Afanasy an hour and fifteen minutes to an hour and a half to serve Liturgy. He knew the Gospel by heart, something everyone should remember. He would open the Gospel and not even look. He read different passages from the Gospels on different days, on different holidays, never once looking at it.
Father Afanasy drove children to Russian school. Everyone says that he was a very bad driver. That was not true—he was just very cautious. They used to say that when the police would pull him over, he would bless them and go on his way. That is just fantasy. That could never have happened. I was with Father Afanasy from six months to twenty-three years of age, up until I went into the army.Пластинка, бобина, кассета, диск. Моя музыка.