According to The Vintage News , all over the ancient world, women used donkey milk to keep their skin pale and to keep wrinkles at bay. Emperor Nero's wife was said to travel with "whole troops of she-asses" so she'd never have to miss her daily donkey-milk bath. And today, scientists know donkey milk has a lot of important health benefits — it can be used as a cow milk substitute for people with allergies, and yes, it's also used in modern beauty products , just in case you don't think you'll be able to procure yourself donkeys and enough servants to milk them every day.
Throughout much of ancient history, women had to endure their cheating husbands because divorce wasn't usually an option and you couldn't exactly put a tracking device under his horse or anything. Mostly, you were just expected to smile happily and pretend like you weren't feeling totally humiliated. So imagine what Julius Caesar's wife Calpurnia must have thought when her husband erected a gilded statue of Cleopatra in the temple of Venus Genetrix, right next to the statue of the goddess herself.
So having a statue of an Egyptian queen in a holy temple was pretty impious, especially coming from the dude who was supposed to be the country's religious leader.
However scandalized the Roman people were by the statue of Cleopatra, historian Antony Kamm notes in Julius Caesar: A Life that Cleopatra's statue remained in the temple for at least years, even after the queen was declared an enemy of Rome.
So it's possible the statue had at least some religious significance, probably because of Cleopatra's association with the goddess Isis, who had her own minor cult following in Rome.
It's no great revelation that love makes you do irrational things, but most people won't blow off an important meeting or deadline so they can hang out with someone they only just met.
Mark Antony was not most people. He skipped an entire invasion so he could spend the winter with Cleopatra in her Alexandrian palace. According to HistoryNet , in 41 B.
Antony assembled an army and went east, summoning client-kings in hopes of gathering resources for a Parthian invasion. One of those client-kings was year-old Cleopatra, who said something to the effect of, "Let's make love, not war. While Antony was enjoying the excesses of the Egyptian palace, the Parthians crossed the Euphrates River, attacked Syria, and annexed many of Antony's troops.
It's hard to say which is worse, being attacked by your husband's political rival while he's off cheating on you with his Egyptian queen mistress, or keeping your mouth shut while your husband erects a gilded statue of his Egyptian queen mistress.
If Fulvia and Calpurnia had formed a scorned wives club, Roman history could have been a great CW series. Beyond that, we have no idea. Some historians think they were buried in Alexandria, most of which fell into the sea after an earthquake 1, years ago.
According to Remezcla , a few archaeologists think they're buried beneath the Taposiris Magna Temple one of the many supposed resting places of the disembodied god Osiris about 30 miles west of Alexandria. Cleopatra considered herself and her lover to be living embodiments of Isis and Osiris, so a temple burial does seem possible. Archaeologist Kathleen Martinez found four burial chambers and more than artifacts at Taposiris Magna, many of which bear the likenesses of Cleopatra and Mark Antony.
But so far, the tomb itself remains undiscovered. According to Taylor, he apparently shook her violently like a rag doll and pounded on her rib cage, provoking no consciousness within her. She was given an hour to live and was said to be in a coma.
An emergency tracheotomy was performed successfully at the hospital and Taylor slowly recovered. Filming proceeded a few months later, this time in Rome's hot climate. Zanuck approached Sir Alfred Hitchcock to take over the project. Hitchcock refused and chose to make The Birds instead. When Twentieth Century Fox decided to salvage the production of this movie following the resignation of original director Rouben Mamoulian , the studio gave Dame Elizabeth Taylor another demand in her contract which no other actor or actress had up until that time: director approval.
The studio gave her that demand so that she could work well with a director of her choice, rework the entire movie to make it better, and help get the production on a good track. Taylor would only approve two possible replacements: George Stevens or Joseph L. He only agreed to direct the movie after rejecting the offer a couple of times before. Marlon Brando was sought to reprise his role as Mark Antony from Julius Caesar , but he was attached to Mutiny on the Bounty Production moved from London to Rome following Dame Elizabeth Taylor 's illness, and the movie's elaborate sets and props all had to be constructed twice.
The production required so much lumber and raw material that building materials became scarce throughout Italy. Sir Michael Hordern Cicero described the filming of the nine-minute sequence where Cleopatra enters Rome in his autobiography.
He remembers that the doves that were supposed to fly out of the miniature pyramid when it opened had grown very drowsy in the Roman heat and remained inside, so a crew member had to hide inside to shoo them out at the right moment, not a pleasant job as the birds defecated liberally. At the time, all Italian movies were dubbed in post-production. Carpenters constantly hammered on the set during filming. Joseph L. Mankiewicz spent hours trying to make it clear to the Italian crew that silence was required on-set at all times.
Dame Elizabeth Taylor said of the finished, three hour and twelve minute movie, "They had cut out the heart, the essence, the motivations, the very core, and tacked on all those battle scenes. It should have been about three large people, but it lacked reality and passion. I found it vulgar. Dame Elizabeth Taylor had sixty-five costume changes for this movie, a record for a movie at the time. That record was taken from Taylor by Dame Julie Andrews in when she played the lead role in Star!
Based on the life of the actress Gertrude Lawrence , Star! Dame Joan Collins and Madonna came close with eighty-five costume changes for the mini-series Sins and the big-budget musical epic movie Evita , respectively. Mankiewicz originally wanted black actor James Edwards as Apollodorus and encouraged the actor to physically get in shape for the role.
Unfortunately, Fox executives were not comfortable with the relationship between him and Cleopatra, so he was replaced by Cesare Danova. While filming Cleopatra's entry into Rome, a scene requiring thousands of extras and the pulling of a huge sphinx carrying the Queen of Egypt and her son between its paws, Joseph L.
Mankiewicz said a master shot was spoiled because the camera caught an enterprising extra hawking gelato to his fellow extras. Twentieth Century Fox was in financial trouble in the late s due to disappointing box-office returns of some major releases. Orders were given to search the Fox script library for a proven property that could be remade. The project chosen was Cleopatra , a Theda Bara movie that had been a smash hit for the studio. With no surviving prints, they based their judgment on an archived copy of the original script and some stills from the production.
Then the studio needed a producer willing to handle the project. At the same time, veteran producer Walter Wanger approached Twentieth Century Fox with an idea for a project he'd been planning for several years: the story of Cleopatra. In the words of David Brown , "We fell on him. When Joseph L. Soon after shooting began in England, Dame Elizabeth Taylor became ill and could not work.
Her presence was required for almost every scene, and production soon closed down. Director Rouben Mamoulian finally resigned on January 3, He was followed by Peter Finch and Stephen Boyd , who had to honor prior commitments. The asp used for the finale scene was not venom free.
Martin Landau was cast after Joseph L. When do hummingbirds migrate? How much caffeine can you drink if you are pregnant? Are salamanders lizards? What is Cleopatras brother name that she married? What are the fundamental axes of dumpy level? Ano ang pinagkaiba ng komunikasyon noon at ngayon? How did Rizal manifest his leadership in student activism at UST?
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Please enter a valid postal code. There are 1 items available. Please enter a number less than or equal to 1. Select a valid country. They were invited to perform a mini-concert for the Sultan of Brunei and his royal family. However, changes within Warner and everyone who was working on the Cleopatra project led to lack of promotion of their UK single, "Come and Get Me" which entered the UK Singles Chart at 29; the Steppin' Out release date for the UK was pushed back, and the album was eventually never released in the UK.
The label wanted Cleo as a solo artist , and this led to the group's parting ways with Warner. The series had two seasons: Season 1 Comin' Atcha! The show was twenty minutes per episode and a mix of music and comedy.
The plot followed the girls' lives on tour and at home with their family. Their mother and younger sister were featured in both seasons as themselves.Mar 29, · Cleopatra was born in 70 B.C. to Ptolemy XII Auletes and most likely Cleopatra V Tryphaena. She died in 30 B.C. She became queen of Egypt in 51 B.C., was expelled from her throne in 48 B.C. and later that same year was restored to power by Julius Caesar.